How to Master Active and Passive Voice in Tamil: A PDF Guide
Active and passive voice are two ways of expressing the same action or event in a sentence. The difference between them is the role of the subject and the object in the sentence. In active voice, the subject performs the action on the object. In passive voice, the subject receives the action from the object.
They are watching television. (Active voice)
Television is being watched by them. (Passive voice)
In this article, we will explain the rules and examples of active and passive voice in Tamil, and how you can download a PDF guide to learn more about them.
What are the rules of active and passive voice in Tamil?
In Tamil, active and passive voice are formed by changing the verb form and adding a suffix to the object. The verb form depends on the tense, mood, aspect, and person of the sentence. The suffix depends on the gender and number of the object.
Here are some general rules for forming active and passive voice in Tamil:
To form passive voice from active voice, change the verb form to agree with the object, and add -ஆல் (-aal) for masculine singular objects, -ஆள் (-aal) for feminine singular objects, -ஆல்கள் (-aalkal) for masculine plural objects, or -ஆள்கள் (-aalkal) for feminine plural objects.
To form active voice from passive voice, change the verb form to agree with the subject, and remove the suffix from the object.
If the object is not mentioned in passive voice, add அவர்கள் (avarkal) for plural objects or அவர் (avar) for singular objects.
If the subject is not mentioned in active voice, add யர் (yaar) for plural subjects or யர் (yaar) for singular subjects.
Here are some examples of active and passive voice in Tamil:
Active VoicePassive Voice
அவர் பத்தகத்த வற்கறர். (He is selling the book.)பத்தகம் அவரல் வற்கப்படகறத. (The book is being sold by him.)
நீ என்ன நசக்கறீ? (Do you love me?) நசக்க ப்ப ட கற ன் . (I am being loved by you.)
அ வ ர் க ள் ப ട ട മ ല ല യ യ മ പ ട ട ത ത ല . (They planted jasmine in the garden.) ப ട ട മ ല ല യ യ ம അ வ ர் க ள் ആ ല്ക ള് ப ട ട ത ത പ ്പ ั ด ു ക ു റ ു ത ു . (Jasmine was planted by them in the garden.)
எ ൻ ന ൽ . (She sang a
How to practice active and passive voice in Tamil?
Practicing active and passive voice in Tamil is a good way to improve your grammar and writing skills. You can practice active and passive voice in Tamil by doing the following activities:
Read and listen to Tamil texts that use active and passive voice. You can find such texts in newspapers, magazines, books, websites, podcasts, etc. Try to identify the subject, verb, and object in each sentence and whether it is in active or passive voice.
Write sentences using active and passive voice in Tamil. You can use the rules and examples given in the PDF guide or other sources to help you. Try to write sentences on different topics and situations. You can also use online tools like Grammarly or Hemingway to check your grammar and spelling.
Convert sentences from active to passive voice and vice versa in Tamil. You can use the exercises given in the PDF guide or other sources to practice this skill. Try to convert sentences without changing the meaning or tense of the original sentence.
Ask for feedback from a native Tamil speaker or a teacher. You can ask them to correct your mistakes and give you suggestions on how to improve your active and passive voice in Tamil. You can also join online forums or groups where you can interact with other Tamil learners and share your work.
What are the benefits of using active and passive voice in Tamil?
Using active and passive voice in Tamil can have many benefits for your communication and expression. Here are some of the benefits of using active and passive voice in Tamil:
Using active voice can make your sentences more direct, clear, and concise. It can also show your confidence and authority on the topic. Active voice is suitable for writing instructions, commands, requests, opinions, etc.
Using passive voice can make your sentences more polite, formal, and objective. It can also show your respect and humility towards the subject or object of the sentence. Passive voice is suitable for writing reports, essays, news articles, etc.
Using both active and passive voice can make your sentences more varied, interesting, and balanced. It can also help you avoid repetition and emphasize different aspects of the sentence. You can use both active and passive voice depending on the context, purpose, and audience of your writing.